Ghana National Policy on Viral Hepatitis, 2014

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Ghana National Policy on Viral Hepatitis, 2014

Virus targets
Hepatitis B
Hepatitis C
Location
Ghana
WHO region
African Region
Geographic level
Country
Source

Ghana Ministry of Health

Published

Executive Summary

Vision

Ghana free of viral hepatitis as a public health problem.

Mission

To provide direction and guidance for all stakeholders to play their respective roles in the establishment of an effective surveillance, prevention and control measures for the disease, provide treatment and support for the afflicted, and conduct relevant research to support the treatment and control of the disease.

Goal

To ensure that Viral Hepatitis (Hepatitis A, B, C, D & E) is no more of public health importance in Ghana i.e. to reduce morbidity and mortality to the barest minimum.

Objectives

  1. To prevent the transmission of viral hepatitis within high risk groups and the general population
  2. To establish an effective surveillance system for viral hepatitis and its co-morbidities.
  3. To develop guidelines and protocols for the diagnoses and management of viral hepatitis disease and co-morbidities
  4. To promote and coordinate nationwide research into viral hepatitis and its co-morbidities to support the prevention, control and management of the disease
  5. To promote access to safe, effective and affordable diagnostics testing and treatment for viral hepatitis
  6. To foster partnerships with key stakeholders, including civil society and the business community, for the prevention, control and management of the disease  

Strategy

  1. Advocacy and resource mobilization
  2. Develop guidelines and protocols for the diagnoses and management of viral hepatitis disease and co-morbidities
  3. Strengthen viral hepatitis surveillance including laboratory surveillance
  4. Conduct research to improve knowledge and evidence in Viral Hepatitis
  5. Vaccination
  6. Screening, care and treatment
  7. Collaboration and partnership with development partners, private sector and civil societies
  8. Effective monitoring and evaluation

Guiding Principles

The implementation of this policy, will be guided by the guiding principles of the Ghana health service (Health sector policy) including integration into the general health services. 

Rationale

Viral hepatitis is a major public health concern in Ghana.There are challenges which includes; Lack of policy and guidelines for the delivery of services for the prevention and control of viral hepatitis, uncoordinated activities, unreliable data, uncontrolled Hepatitis-B screening and vaccination of populace by unauthorized persons, limited knowledge among health staff and population and lack of a research agenda to guide hepatitis response in the country over time. These coupled with an ever increasing demand for improved access to treatment and vaccination opportunities by the adult populace provides a logical basis for the development of this policy document to guide the prevention and control of viral hepatitis. At the 63rd World Health Assembly, Member States accepted the report of the Secretariat to the World Health Assembly and adopted resolution WHA 126.R16 including a celebration of a “World Hepatitis Day” on the 28th July each year. The resolution among other things mandates countries to establish a National Viral Hepatitis Control Programme (NVHCP) for a comprehensive approach to the prevention and control of viral hepatitis.