Malawi

Malawi

Hepatitis B

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Prevalence of chronic HBV (HBsAg+)

National
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Value (%) Year Type Source
6.91 (5.25 - 8.88) 2015 Modelled WHO
3.2 (2.70 - 3.90) 2016 Modelled Razavi-Shearer et al, 2018
12.22 (9.80 - 15.14) 2013 Modelled Schweitzer et al, 2015
7.86 (6.51 - 9.33) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2020)
8.45 (6.92 - 10.01) 2018 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
8.46 (6.78 - 10.16) 2017 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
9.08 (7.39 - 10.71) 2016 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
9.67 (7.83 - 11.48) 2015 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
9.78 (7.92 - 11.56) 2014 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
10.05 (8.12 - 11.89) 2013 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
10.38 (8.37 - 12.34) 2012 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
10.62 (8.53 - 12.72) 2011 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
10.69 (8.51 - 12.89) 2010 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
10.77 (8.64 - 12.93) 2009 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
11.04 (8.94 - 13.18) 2008 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
11.38 (9.24 - 13.54) 2007 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
11.67 (9.48 - 13.83) 2006 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
11.79 (9.60 - 13.95) 2005 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
11.93 (9.66 - 14.20) 2004 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
12.26 (9.83 - 14.62) 2003 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
12.67 (10.17 - 15.27) 2002 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
13.01 (10.35 - 15.80) 2001 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
13.17 (10.36 - 16.12) 2000 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
13.2 (10.50 - 16.12) 1999 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
13.25 (10.51 - 16.07) 1998 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
13.3 (10.53 - 16.03) 1997 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
13.32 (10.58 - 16.09) 1996 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
13.3 (10.53 - 15.98) 1995 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
13.21 (10.50 - 15.89) 1994 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
13.04 (10.44 - 15.63) 1993 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
12.79 (10.19 - 15.34) 1992 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
12.47 (9.88 - 15.04) 1991 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
12.11 (9.60 - 14.68) 1990 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
8.39 (7 - 9.94) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
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Children under-5 years
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Value (%) Year Type Source
3.03 (1.92 - 4.36) 2015 Modelled WHO
1.59 (1.17 - 2.14) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2020)
1.81 (1.33 - 2.40) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.88 (1.37 - 2.42) 2018 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.9 (1.38 - 2.46) 2017 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.86 (1.38 - 2.38) 2016 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.81 (1.32 - 2.36) 2015 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.79 (1.32 - 2.32) 2014 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.75 (1.30 - 2.26) 2013 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.71 (1.25 - 2.21) 2012 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.68 (1.23 - 2.17) 2011 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.67 (1.21 - 2.16) 2010 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.69 (1.23 - 2.18) 2009 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.74 (1.27 - 2.25) 2008 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.84 (1.34 - 2.39) 2007 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.96 (1.42 - 2.58) 2006 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
2.12 (1.50 - 2.81) 2005 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
3.08 (2.21 - 4.07) 2004 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
5.13 (3.70 - 6.72) 2003 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
7.51 (5.45 - 9.83) 2002 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
9.5 (6.92 - 12.57) 2001 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
10.38 (7.51 - 13.72) 2000 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
10.45 (7.61 - 13.75) 1999 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
10.48 (7.81 - 13.79) 1998 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
10.48 (7.79 - 13.69) 1997 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
10.45 (7.76 - 13.73) 1996 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
10.42 (7.65 - 13.79) 1995 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
10.34 (7.66 - 13.46) 1994 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
10.17 (7.52 - 13.16) 1993 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
9.92 (7.31 - 12.80) 1992 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
9.63 (7.05 - 12.44) 1991 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
9.31 (6.76 - 12.09) 1990 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.39 (1.08 - 1.78) 2020 Modelled WHO
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Technical notes

Number of people living with chronic HBV

National
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Value Year Type Source
585,000 (488,000 - 711,000) 2016 Modelled Razavi-Shearer et al, 2018
1,448,870 (1,200,080 - 1,719,880) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2020)
1,484,720 (1,231,180 - 1,759,910) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,455,570 (1,191,440 - 1,726,410) 2018 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,417,700 (1,140,250 - 1,702,460) 2017 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,480,990 (1,205,320 - 1,748,710) 2016 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,535,610 (1,246,090 - 1,818,830) 2015 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,509,950 (1,222,500 - 1,786,370) 2014 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,511,810 (1,222,060 - 1,788,040) 2013 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,519,590 (1,226,990 - 1,804,740) 2012 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,514,960 (1,215,520 - 1,813,370) 2011 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,482,830 (1,181,600 - 1,788,840) 2010 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,452,410 (1,165,130 - 1,742,630) 2009 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,448,630 (1,173,520 - 1,728,030) 2008 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,454,190 (1,180,800 - 1,730,460) 2007 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,453,940 (1,183,330 - 1,724,610) 2006 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,433,620 (1,164,810 - 1,697,220) 2005 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,416,650 (1,149,460 - 1,683,200) 2004 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,424,070 (1,142,790 - 1,700,160) 2003 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,439,390 (1,153,720 - 1,732,850) 2002 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,446,330 (1,149,630 - 1,757,480) 2001 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,430,350 (1,124,580 - 1,751,830) 2000 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,400,840 (1,115,230 - 1,707,850) 1999 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,373,760 (1,090,510 - 1,664,540) 1998 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,346,560 (1,066,310 - 1,622,150) 1997 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,317,300 (1,047,540 - 1,594,660) 1996 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,284,490 (1,014,550 - 1,544,250) 1995 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,268,820 (1,009,760 - 1,525,470) 1994 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,279,280 (1,020,820 - 1,535,960) 1993 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,266,510 (1,009,860 - 1,522,850) 1992 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,208,690 (956,676 - 1,456,990) 1991 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,133,840 (897,106 - 1,376,070) 1990 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
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HBV-related death rate

National
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Value (per 100,000) Year Type Source
3.86 (2.60 - 5.40) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2020)
8.9 (6.21 - 12.25) 1990 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
8.81 (6.16 - 12.19) 1991 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
8.82 (6.15 - 12.09) 1992 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
8.97 (6.28 - 12.29) 1993 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
9.44 (6.67 - 12.73) 1995 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
9.28 (6.53 - 12.71) 1994 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
9.5 (6.74 - 12.91) 1996 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
9.48 (6.83 - 12.81) 1997 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
9.55 (6.87 - 12.92) 1998 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
9.45 (6.83 - 12.56) 1999 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
9.26 (6.69 - 12.26) 2000 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
8.82 (6.35 - 11.83) 2001 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
8.38 (6.02 - 11.23) 2002 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
8 (5.81 - 10.53) 2003 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
7.67 (5.55 - 10.13) 2004 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
7.37 (5.32 - 9.82) 2005 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
7.09 (5.12 - 9.41) 2006 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
6.63 (4.81 - 8.85) 2008 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
6.84 (4.92 - 9.11) 2007 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
6.5 (4.73 - 8.64) 2009 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
6.44 (4.72 - 8.60) 2010 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
6.02 (4.31 - 8.05) 2011 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
5.37 (3.82 - 7.26) 2012 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
4.7 (3.28 - 6.53) 2013 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
4.17 (2.90 - 5.86) 2014 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
3.93 (2.70 - 5.56) 2015 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
3.93 (2.68 - 5.51) 2016 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
3.9 (2.65 - 5.42) 2018 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
3.96 (2.69 - 5.53) 2017 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
3.86 (2.60 - 5.40) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
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Technical notes

HBV-related deaths

National
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Value Year Type Source
687 2016 Modelled WHO
850 (593 - 1,170) 1990 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
871 (609 - 1,205) 1991 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
896 (628 - 1,228) 1993 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
890 (621 - 1,220) 1992 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
928 (656 - 1,252) 1995 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
957 (679 - 1,301) 1996 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
907 (638 - 1,242) 1994 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
979 (705 - 1,322) 1997 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,010 (726 - 1,366) 1998 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,027 (742 - 1,360) 2000 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,024 (740 - 1,360) 1999 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
975 (701 - 1,306) 2002 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,002 (721 - 1,344) 2001 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
952 (692 - 1,254) 2003 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
936 (677 - 1,236) 2004 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
908 (655 - 1,205) 2006 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
922 (665 - 1,228) 2005 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
895 (650 - 1,195) 2008 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
903 (657 - 1,199) 2009 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
899 (647 - 1,197) 2007 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
885 (633 - 1,183) 2011 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
920 (674 - 1,229) 2010 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
812 (577 - 1,099) 2012 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
732 (512 - 1,018) 2013 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
650 (446 - 919) 2015 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
668 (456 - 937) 2016 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
669 (465 - 941) 2014 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
691 (470 - 966) 2017 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
701 (476 - 973) 2018 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
713 (480 - 996) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
713 (480 - 996) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2020)
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Percent of liver cancer deaths attributable to HBV

National
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Value (%) Year Type Source
3 (2 - 4) 1990 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
3 (2 - 4) 1991 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
3 (2 - 4) 1992 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
3 (2 - 4) 1993 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
3 (3 - 5) 1995 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
3 (2 - 5) 1994 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
4 (3 - 5) 1997 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
4 (3 - 5) 1996 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
3 (2 - 5) 1998 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
3 (2 - 4) 1999 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
3 (2 - 4) 2000 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
3 (2 - 4) 2002 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
3 (2 - 4) 2001 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
3 (2 - 4) 2003 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
3 (2 - 4) 2004 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
3 (2 - 4) 2005 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
3 (2 - 3) 2006 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
3 (2 - 4) 2007 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
3 (2 - 4) 2009 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
3 (2 - 4) 2008 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
4 (3 - 5) 2011 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
3 (2 - 4) 2010 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
4 (3 - 5) 2012 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
4 (3 - 6) 2013 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
4 (3 - 6) 2014 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
5 (3 - 6) 2016 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
4 (3 - 6) 2015 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
5 (3 - 7) 2017 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
5 (4 - 7) 2018 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
5 (4 - 7) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
25 (19 - 33) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2020)
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Technical notes

Coverage of 3-dose hepatitis B vaccine

Infants
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Value (%) Year Type Source
95 2019 Survey/reported WHO/UNICEF
90 2020 Survey/reported WHO/UNICEF
93 2021 Survey/reported WHO/UNICEF
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Percent of PWID accessing OST

People who inject drugs (PWID)
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Value (%) Year Type Source
0 2016 Survey/reported Harm Reduction International, 2016
HBV National Action Plan
HBV elimination goal
HepB birth dose policy
No
Eligible for HBV generic medicines
HCV National Action Plan
HCV elimination goal
Eligible for HCV generic medicines
At least one needle-syringe exchange program (NSP) operational
No
At least one opioid substitution therapy (OST) program operational
No
NSP in at least one prison
No
OST in at least one prison
No

Hepatitis C

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Prevalence of chronic HCV (RNA+/cAg)

National
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Value (%) Year Type Source
1.69 (1.35 - 2.09) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.68 (1.35 - 2.11) 2018 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.68 (1.34 - 2.10) 2017 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.68 (1.34 - 2.09) 2016 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.67 (1.34 - 2.10) 2015 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.68 (1.34 - 2.09) 2014 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.69 (1.34 - 2.10) 2013 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.7 (1.36 - 2.12) 2012 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.72 (1.37 - 2.15) 2011 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.74 (1.38 - 2.17) 2010 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.76 (1.41 - 2.21) 2009 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.79 (1.43 - 2.23) 2008 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.82 (1.46 - 2.27) 2007 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.85 (1.48 - 2.30) 2006 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.87 (1.50 - 2.34) 2005 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.89 (1.53 - 2.37) 2004 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.91 (1.54 - 2.38) 2003 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.92 (1.55 - 2.38) 2002 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.94 (1.57 - 2.41) 2001 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.95 (1.57 - 2.44) 2000 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.96 (1.59 - 2.45) 1999 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.98 (1.60 - 2.45) 1998 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.99 (1.61 - 2.46) 1997 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
2.01 (1.62 - 2.48) 1996 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
2.02 (1.63 - 2.49) 1995 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
2.02 (1.63 - 2.50) 1994 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
2.01 (1.63 - 2.50) 1993 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
2 (1.62 - 2.49) 1992 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
2.01 (1.61 - 2.49) 1991 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
2.01 (1.61 - 2.50) 1990 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.61 (1.29 - 2) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2020)
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People living with HIV (PLHIV)
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Value (%) Year Type Source
5.7 (3.60 - 8.90) 2005 Survey/reported Epidemiology of hepatitis B, C and D in Malawi: systematic review
0 (0 - 1.70) 2014 Survey/reported Epidemiology of hepatitis B, C and D in Malawi: systematic review
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Pregnant women living with HIV
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Value (%) Year Type Source
12 (5.60 - 23.80) 1994 Survey/reported Epidemiology of hepatitis B, C and D in Malawi: systematic review
Women of childbearing age (15–49 years)
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Value (%) Year Type Source
0.82 (0.63 - 1.09) 2019 Modelled Dugan et al., 2021
Technical notes

Prevalence of anti-HCV

National
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Value (%) Year Type Source
7.3 (0 - 24.30) 2018 Modelled Epidemiology of hepatitis B, C and D in Malawi: systematic review
Pregnant women
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Value (%) Year Type Source
2.9 (0.80 - 9.80) 1992 Survey/reported Epidemiology of hepatitis B, C and D in Malawi: systematic review
18 (11.70 - 26.70) 1994 Survey/reported Epidemiology of hepatitis B, C and D in Malawi: systematic review
5.8 (3 - 11) 2006 Survey/reported Epidemiology of hepatitis B, C and D in Malawi: systematic review
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People living with HIV (PLHIV)
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Value (%) Year Type Source
0.5 (0.10 - 1.90) 2015 Survey/reported Epidemiology of hepatitis B, C and D in Malawi: systematic review
10 (7 - 14.10) 1998 Survey/reported Epidemiology of hepatitis B, C and D in Malawi: systematic review
2.2 (0.90 - 5.10) 2014 Survey/reported Epidemiology of hepatitis B, C and D in Malawi: systematic review
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Pregnant women living with HIV
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Value (%) Year Type Source
0.7 (0.10 - 3.90) 2001 Survey/reported Epidemiology of hepatitis B, C and D in Malawi: systematic review
2.6 (1.30 - 5) 2008 Survey/reported Epidemiology of hepatitis B, C and D in Malawi: systematic review
0.3 (0.10 - 1.80) 2008 Survey/reported Epidemiology of hepatitis B, C and D in Malawi: systematic review
5.4 (2.80 - 10.30) 2002 Survey/reported Epidemiology of hepatitis B, C and D in Malawi: systematic review
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Prisoners
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Value (%) Year Type Source
0 (0 - 2.30) 2007 Survey/reported Epidemiology of hepatitis B, C and D in Malawi: systematic review
Technical notes

Number of people living with chronic HCV (RNA+/cAg)

National
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Value Year Type Source
188,462 (150,335 - 234,380) 1990 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
194,544 (156,271 - 241,308) 1991 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
198,518 (159,949 - 246,659) 1992 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
197,163 (159,544 - 245,165) 1993 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
193,721 (156,637 - 240,554) 1994 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
194,591 (157,108 - 241,498) 1995 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
198,316 (160,528 - 245,268) 1996 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
201,808 (163,705 - 250,177) 1997 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
205,090 (165,823 - 253,995) 1998 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
208,313 (168,273 - 259,304) 1999 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
211,674 (170,871 - 264,156) 2000 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
215,120 (173,852 - 268,390) 2001 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
218,433 (175,898 - 271,197) 2002 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
221,609 (178,573 - 276,330) 2003 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
224,782 (180,827 - 281,296) 2004 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
227,946 (181,483 - 284,457) 2005 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
230,696 (184,068 - 287,539) 2006 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
232,991 (187,095 - 291,415) 2007 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
235,247 (188,525 - 293,583) 2008 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
237,836 (189,894 - 298,128) 2009 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
241,122 (191,834 - 301,118) 2010 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
244,897 (196,035 - 305,633) 2011 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
248,896 (199,468 - 311,921) 2012 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
253,447 (201,849 - 317,059) 2013 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
258,972 (206,216 - 323,180) 2014 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
265,889 (212,384 - 333,009) 2015 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
273,571 (218,781 - 341,070) 2016 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
281,708 (224,874 - 352,058) 2017 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
290,191 (232,928 - 363,791) 2018 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
298,676 (239,354 - 372,011) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
296,392 (237,156 - 369,415) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2020)
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Women of childbearing age (15–49 years)
Download
Value Year Type Source
37,300 (28,700 - 49,400) 2019 Modelled Dugan et al., 2021

HCV-related death rate

National
Download
Value (Deaths per 100,000) Year Type Source
7.6 (5.47 - 10.10) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2020)
10.01 (7.39 - 12.93) 1990 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
9.93 (7.24 - 12.81) 1991 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
9.96 (7.30 - 12.91) 1992 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
10.16 (7.42 - 13.14) 1993 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
10.7 (7.99 - 13.85) 1995 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
10.54 (7.75 - 13.62) 1994 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
10.72 (8.12 - 13.83) 1997 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
10.73 (8.11 - 13.82) 1996 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
10.79 (8.11 - 14.04) 1998 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
10.67 (8 - 13.90) 1999 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
10.48 (7.96 - 13.62) 2000 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
9.94 (7.61 - 12.88) 2002 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
10.15 (7.75 - 13.26) 2001 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
9.75 (7.40 - 12.67) 2003 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
9.57 (7.23 - 12.40) 2004 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
9.29 (6.94 - 11.92) 2005 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
8.96 (6.78 - 11.50) 2006 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
8.37 (6.43 - 10.82) 2008 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
8.65 (6.56 - 11.11) 2007 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
8.2 (6.26 - 10.57) 2009 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
8.11 (6.22 - 10.41) 2010 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
7.84 (5.97 - 10.15) 2011 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
7.65 (5.76 - 9.93) 2012 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
7.56 (5.58 - 9.92) 2015 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
7.57 (5.63 - 9.88) 2013 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
7.56 (5.62 - 9.92) 2014 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
7.6 (5.60 - 9.92) 2016 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
7.71 (5.66 - 10.22) 2017 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
7.64 (5.54 - 10.12) 2018 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
7.6 (5.47 - 10.05) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
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Technical notes

HCV-related deaths

National
Download
Value Year Type Source
445 2016 Modelled WHO
1,402 (1,008 - 1,854) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,402 (1,008 - 1,854) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2020)
1,371 (994 - 1,817) 2018 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,348 (989 - 1,785) 2017 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,292 (952 - 1,687) 2016 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,250 (922 - 1,639) 2015 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,213 (901 - 1,592) 2014 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,179 (877 - 1,540) 2013 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,158 (871 - 1,502) 2012 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,152 (877 - 1,492) 2011 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,158 (888 - 1,487) 2010 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,138 (870 - 1,468) 2009 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,131 (869 - 1,461) 2008 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,137 (863 - 1,461) 2007 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,148 (869 - 1,474) 2006 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,161 (867 - 1,490) 2005 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,167 (882 - 1,513) 2004 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,161 (881 - 1,508) 2003 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,156 (885 - 1,498) 2002 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,153 (880 - 1,506) 2001 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,163 (883 - 1,511) 2000 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,156 (866 - 1,506) 1999 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,141 (858 - 1,485) 1998 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,106 (838 - 1,427) 1997 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,080 (817 - 1,392) 1996 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,052 (785 - 1,361) 1995 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,030 (757 - 1,331) 1994 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,015 (741 - 1,313) 1993 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1,005 (737 - 1,303) 1992 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
982 (715 - 1,266) 1991 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
956 (707 - 1,235) 1990 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
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Percent of liver cancer deaths attributable to HCV

National
Download
Value (%) Year Type Source
2 (1 - 3) 1990 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
2 (1 - 2) 1991 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
2 (1 - 3) 1992 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
2 (1 - 3) 1994 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
2 (1 - 3) 1993 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
2 (1 - 3) 1995 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
2 (1 - 3) 1996 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
2 (1 - 3) 1998 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
2 (1 - 3) 1997 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
2 (1 - 3) 1999 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
2 (1 - 2) 2001 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
2 (1 - 3) 2000 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
2 (1 - 2) 2004 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
2 (1 - 2) 2003 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
2 (1 - 2) 2002 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
2 (1 - 2) 2005 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
2 (1 - 2) 2006 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
2 (1 - 2) 2007 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
2 (1 - 3) 2008 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
2 (1 - 3) 2009 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
2 (2 - 3) 2010 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
2 (2 - 3) 2011 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
3 (2 - 4) 2012 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
3 (2 - 4) 2013 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
3 (2 - 4) 2014 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
4 (2 - 5) 2017 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
3 (2 - 5) 2016 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
3 (2 - 4) 2015 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
4 (2 - 5) 2018 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
4 (3 - 5) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
19 (13 - 25) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2020)
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Percent of PWID accessing OST

People who inject drugs (PWID)
Download
Value (%) Year Type Source
0 2016 Survey/reported Harm Reduction International, 2016
HBV National Action Plan
HBV elimination goal
HepB birth dose policy
No
Eligible for HBV generic medicines
HCV National Action Plan
HCV elimination goal
Eligible for HCV generic medicines
At least one needle-syringe exchange program (NSP) operational
No
At least one opioid substitution therapy (OST) program operational
No
NSP in at least one prison
No
OST in at least one prison
No

Overview

HBV elimination goal
HCV elimination goal

Hepatitis related deaths (national)

Modelled

HBV
713
2019
(480 - 996)
IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2020)

Survey/surveillance

No data available
HBV chart

Modelled

HCV
1,402
2019
(1,008 - 1,854)
IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)

Survey/surveillance

No data available
HCV chart

Prevalence PWID

No data available

Birth dose vaccination coverage (national)

Survey/surveillance

No data available

No. of syringes/PWID/year

Survey/surveillance

No data available
Eligible for HBV generic medicines
Eligible for HCV generic medicines