Macedonia (the former Yugoslav Republic of)

Macedonia (the former Yugoslav Republic of)

Hepatitis B

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Prevalence of chronic HBV (HBsAg+)

National
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Value (%) Year Type Source
1.94 (0.30 - 10.88) 2015 Modelled WHO
0.81 (0.70 - 0.91) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2020)
0.91 (0.79 - 1.02) 2018 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.92 (0.80 - 1.05) 2017 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.92 (0.80 - 1.04) 2016 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.93 (0.80 - 1.06) 2015 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.94 (0.81 - 1.07) 2014 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.95 (0.82 - 1.07) 2013 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.96 (0.82 - 1.08) 2012 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.97 (0.83 - 1.10) 2011 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.98 (0.83 - 1.12) 2010 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.99 (0.84 - 1.13) 2009 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.01 (0.86 - 1.15) 2008 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.03 (0.88 - 1.17) 2007 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.05 (0.90 - 1.19) 2006 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.06 (0.90 - 1.20) 2005 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.06 (0.91 - 1.20) 2004 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.07 (0.92 - 1.21) 2003 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.07 (0.92 - 1.21) 2002 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.08 (0.92 - 1.22) 2001 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.08 (0.93 - 1.23) 2000 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.09 (0.93 - 1.24) 1999 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.11 (0.95 - 1.26) 1998 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.13 (0.96 - 1.28) 1997 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.14 (0.97 - 1.30) 1996 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.14 (0.96 - 1.32) 1995 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.14 (0.98 - 1.31) 1994 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.14 (0.97 - 1.30) 1993 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.14 (0.97 - 1.29) 1992 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.13 (0.97 - 1.28) 1991 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.11 (0.95 - 1.27) 1990 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.89 (0.77 - 1) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
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Children under-5 years
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Value (%) Year Type Source
0.2 (0.03 - 1.32) 2015 Modelled WHO
0.08 (0.05 - 0.10) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2020)
0.1 (0.07 - 0.13) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.11 (0.08 - 0.14) 2018 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.11 (0.07 - 0.14) 2017 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.11 (0.07 - 0.14) 2016 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.1 (0.07 - 0.14) 2015 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.1 (0.07 - 0.14) 2014 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.11 (0.07 - 0.14) 2013 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.11 (0.08 - 0.14) 2012 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.11 (0.08 - 0.15) 2011 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.12 (0.09 - 0.16) 2010 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.13 (0.10 - 0.18) 2009 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.17 (0.12 - 0.22) 2008 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.21 (0.15 - 0.27) 2007 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.26 (0.18 - 0.34) 2006 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.31 (0.21 - 0.41) 2005 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.38 (0.26 - 0.50) 2004 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.47 (0.33 - 0.62) 2003 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.56 (0.40 - 0.73) 2002 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.64 (0.46 - 0.84) 2001 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.69 (0.49 - 0.90) 2000 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.71 (0.52 - 0.93) 1999 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.73 (0.53 - 0.95) 1998 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.75 (0.54 - 0.96) 1997 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.76 (0.55 - 0.99) 1996 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.76 (0.55 - 0.99) 1995 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.76 (0.54 - 0.99) 1994 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.75 (0.54 - 0.97) 1993 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.74 (0.53 - 0.96) 1992 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.72 (0.51 - 0.94) 1991 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.7 (0.49 - 0.93) 1990 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.08 (0.03 - 0.25) 2020 Modelled WHO
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Technical notes

Number of people living with chronic HBV

National
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Value Year Type Source
17,522 (15,143 - 19,649) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2020)
18,268 (15,827 - 20,492) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
18,734 (16,301 - 20,952) 2018 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
18,937 (16,468 - 21,584) 2017 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
18,940 (16,443 - 21,322) 2016 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
18,981 (16,289 - 21,674) 2015 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
19,118 (16,475 - 21,665) 2014 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
19,345 (16,648 - 21,783) 2013 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
19,567 (16,670 - 21,960) 2012 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
19,727 (16,776 - 22,158) 2011 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
19,816 (16,811 - 22,512) 2010 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
19,979 (16,970 - 22,691) 2009 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
20,295 (17,272 - 23,063) 2008 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
20,649 (17,625 - 23,420) 2007 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
20,936 (17,919 - 23,803) 2006 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
21,053 (17,926 - 23,958) 2005 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
21,085 (18,040 - 23,893) 2004 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
21,119 (18,095 - 23,840) 2003 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
21,085 (18,044 - 23,798) 2002 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
20,813 (17,813 - 23,537) 2001 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
20,643 (17,615 - 23,381) 2000 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
21,689 (18,485 - 24,503) 1999 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
22,800 (19,506 - 25,921) 1998 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
22,252 (18,944 - 25,382) 1997 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
21,709 (18,416 - 24,819) 1996 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
21,707 (18,255 - 24,949) 1995 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
21,675 (18,420 - 24,748) 1994 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
21,707 (18,544 - 24,748) 1993 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
21,691 (18,556 - 24,726) 1992 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
21,531 (18,393 - 24,513) 1991 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
21,259 (18,087 - 24,263) 1990 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
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HBV-related death rate

National
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Value (per 100,000) Year Type Source
5.75 (4.03 - 7.80) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2020)
5.18 (4.13 - 6.32) 1991 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
5.5 (4.44 - 6.74) 1992 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
5.1 (4.08 - 6.26) 1990 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
5.74 (4.65 - 6.99) 1993 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
5.9 (4.79 - 7.18) 1994 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
6.11 (4.92 - 7.54) 1995 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
6.09 (4.89 - 7.42) 1998 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
6.17 (4.98 - 7.54) 1997 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
6.24 (5 - 7.61) 1996 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
6.34 (5.06 - 7.71) 1999 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
6.65 (5.29 - 8.12) 2000 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
6.75 (5.41 - 8.32) 2001 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
6.82 (5.46 - 8.33) 2002 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
6.75 (5.45 - 8.23) 2003 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
6.56 (5.25 - 8.02) 2004 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
6.67 (5.37 - 8.14) 2005 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
6.94 (5.54 - 8.52) 2006 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
7.13 (5.73 - 8.68) 2007 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
7.13 (5.76 - 8.72) 2008 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
7.32 (5.90 - 8.99) 2009 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
7.35 (5.93 - 9.02) 2010 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
7.2 (5.81 - 8.82) 2011 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
7.02 (5.58 - 8.63) 2012 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
6.69 (5.32 - 8.24) 2013 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
6.45 (5.11 - 7.95) 2014 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
6.22 (4.91 - 7.65) 2015 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
5.99 (4.63 - 7.50) 2016 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
5.81 (4.32 - 7.52) 2017 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
5.74 (4.08 - 7.66) 2018 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
5.75 (4.03 - 7.80) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
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Technical notes

HBV-related deaths

National
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Value Year Type Source
105 2016 Modelled WHO
124 (87 - 168) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2020)
105 (83 - 128) 1991 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
111 (89 - 136) 1992 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
103 (82 - 126) 1990 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
115 (93 - 140) 1993 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
118 (96 - 144) 1994 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
122 (98 - 151) 1995 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
125 (100 - 153) 1996 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
132 (106 - 161) 1998 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
132 (106 - 161) 1999 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
129 (104 - 157) 1997 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
133 (106 - 163) 2000 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
141 (113 - 172) 2002 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
137 (109 - 167) 2004 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
137 (110 - 169) 2001 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
140 (113 - 171) 2003 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
139 (112 - 170) 2005 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
150 (120 - 182) 2007 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
145 (116 - 178) 2006 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
150 (121 - 184) 2008 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
155 (125 - 190) 2009 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
153 (123 - 187) 2011 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
156 (125 - 191) 2010 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
149 (119 - 184) 2012 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
143 (113 - 176) 2013 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
133 (105 - 164) 2015 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
138 (109 - 170) 2014 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
129 (99 - 161) 2016 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
124 (88 - 165) 2018 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
125 (93 - 162) 2017 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
124 (87 - 168) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
50 (40 - 63) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2020)
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Technical notes

Percent of liver cancer deaths attributable to HBV

National
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Value (%) Year Type Source
27 (19 - 37) 1991 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
27 (20 - 37) 1992 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
27 (19 - 36) 1990 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
28 (20 - 38) 1993 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
29 (21 - 39) 1994 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
29 (21 - 40) 1995 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
30 (22 - 41) 1996 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
30 (21 - 40) 1998 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
30 (22 - 41) 1997 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
30 (21 - 40) 1999 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
30 (21 - 41) 2000 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
29 (21 - 40) 2001 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
29 (21 - 40) 2002 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
29 (21 - 40) 2003 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
28 (20 - 38) 2004 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
29 (20 - 39) 2007 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
28 (20 - 39) 2006 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
28 (20 - 38) 2005 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
29 (21 - 41) 2008 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
30 (21 - 41) 2009 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
30 (21 - 42) 2011 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
31 (21 - 42) 2010 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
30 (21 - 41) 2012 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
29 (20 - 40) 2013 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
28 (20 - 39) 2014 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
28 (19 - 38) 2015 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
27 (19 - 38) 2016 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
26 (18 - 38) 2018 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
27 (19 - 38) 2017 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
26 (18 - 37) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
23 (16 - 31) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2020)
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Technical notes

Coverage of HepB birth dose

Newborns
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Value (%) Year Type Source
98 2019 Survey/reported WHO/UNICEF
98 2018 Survey/reported WHO/UNICEF
98 2017 Survey/reported WHO/UNICEF
98 2016 Survey/reported WHO/UNICEF
98 2015 Survey/reported WHO/UNICEF
98 2014 Survey/reported WHO/UNICEF
98 2013 Survey/reported WHO/UNICEF
99 2012 Survey/reported WHO/UNICEF
97 2011 Survey/reported WHO/UNICEF
95 2010 Survey/reported WHO/UNICEF
93 2009 Survey/reported WHO/UNICEF
92 2008 Survey/reported WHO/UNICEF
90 2007 Survey/reported WHO/UNICEF
88 2006 Survey/reported WHO/UNICEF
97 2021 Survey/reported WHO/UNICEF
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Technical notes

Coverage of 3-dose hepatitis B vaccine

Infants
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Value (%) Year Type Source
92 2019 Survey/reported WHO/UNICEF
79 2021 Survey/reported WHO/UNICEF
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Technical notes
HBV National Action Plan
HBV elimination goal
HepB birth dose policy
Yes
Year of birth dose introduction
2004
Eligible for HBV generic medicines
HCV National Action Plan
HCV elimination goal
Eligible for HCV generic medicines
At least one needle-syringe exchange program (NSP) operational
Yes
At least one opioid substitution therapy (OST) program operational
Yes
NSP in at least one prison
Yes
OST in at least one prison
Yes

Hepatitis C

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Prevalence of chronic HCV (RNA+/cAg)

National
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Value (%) Year Type Source
1.06 (0.85 - 1.32) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.06 (0.85 - 1.31) 2018 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.06 (0.86 - 1.30) 2017 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.05 (0.86 - 1.28) 2016 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.04 (0.84 - 1.27) 2015 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.04 (0.84 - 1.27) 2014 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.04 (0.85 - 1.27) 2013 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.05 (0.85 - 1.28) 2012 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.05 (0.85 - 1.29) 2011 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.05 (0.84 - 1.30) 2010 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.05 (0.84 - 1.29) 2009 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.04 (0.84 - 1.28) 2008 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.04 (0.83 - 1.28) 2007 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.04 (0.83 - 1.28) 2006 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.03 (0.82 - 1.27) 2005 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.03 (0.82 - 1.27) 2004 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.03 (0.83 - 1.26) 2003 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.03 (0.83 - 1.27) 2002 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.03 (0.83 - 1.28) 2001 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.03 (0.83 - 1.28) 2000 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.02 (0.82 - 1.26) 1999 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.01 (0.81 - 1.24) 1998 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.01 (0.82 - 1.25) 1997 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.02 (0.82 - 1.25) 1996 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.01 (0.82 - 1.25) 1995 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.01 (0.81 - 1.24) 1994 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1.01 (0.81 - 1.24) 1993 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1 (0.81 - 1.23) 1992 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1 (0.80 - 1.24) 1991 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
0.99 (0.79 - 1.24) 1990 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
1 (0.80 - 1.25) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2020)
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Women of childbearing age (15–49 years)
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Value (%) Year Type Source
0.77 (0.62 - 0.79) 2019 Modelled Dugan et al., 2021
Technical notes

Prevalence of anti-HCV

People who inject drugs (PWID)
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Value (%) Year Type Source
64 (60.80 - 67) 2013 Survey/reported Kiprijanovska S et al, 2013
Technical notes

Number of people living with chronic HCV (RNA+/cAg)

National
Download
Value Year Type Source
18,986 (15,143 - 23,698) 1990 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
19,071 (15,321 - 23,614) 1991 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
19,132 (15,403 - 23,554) 1992 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
19,136 (15,429 - 23,564) 1993 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
19,149 (15,464 - 23,652) 1994 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
19,243 (15,512 - 23,679) 1995 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
19,396 (15,684 - 23,834) 1996 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
20,055 (16,105 - 24,661) 1997 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
20,779 (16,675 - 25,571) 1998 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
20,260 (16,255 - 25,062) 1999 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
19,668 (15,779 - 24,410) 2000 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
19,893 (15,976 - 24,666) 2001 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
20,192 (16,197 - 24,955) 2002 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
20,310 (16,288 - 24,912) 2003 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
20,391 (16,362 - 25,134) 2004 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
20,502 (16,376 - 25,406) 2005 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
20,651 (16,514 - 25,500) 2006 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
20,807 (16,756 - 25,657) 2007 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
20,955 (16,894 - 25,800) 2008 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
21,092 (16,994 - 25,993) 2009 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
21,219 (17,000 - 26,159) 2010 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
21,276 (17,158 - 26,125) 2011 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
21,259 (17,223 - 26,052) 2012 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
21,192 (17,175 - 25,804) 2013 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
21,151 (17,158 - 25,870) 2014 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
21,237 (17,282 - 25,927) 2015 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
21,475 (17,562 - 26,248) 2016 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
21,691 (17,605 - 26,801) 2017 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
21,757 (17,580 - 27,023) 2018 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
21,560 (17,289 - 26,947) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2020)
21,731 (17,448 - 27,123) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
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Women of childbearing age (15–49 years)
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Value Year Type Source
3,900 (3,200 - 4,000) 2019 Modelled Dugan et al., 2021

HCV-related death rate

National
Download
Value (Deaths per 100,000) Year Type Source
6.47 (4.52 - 8.75) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2020)
3.93 (3.04 - 4.94) 1991 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
4.14 (3.20 - 5.18) 1992 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
3.88 (2.98 - 4.87) 1990 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
4.31 (3.36 - 5.38) 1993 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
4.44 (3.46 - 5.59) 1994 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
4.58 (3.57 - 5.78) 1995 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
4.69 (3.65 - 5.87) 1996 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
4.56 (3.55 - 5.72) 1998 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
4.65 (3.59 - 5.87) 1997 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
4.77 (3.71 - 5.97) 1999 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
5.02 (3.88 - 6.29) 2000 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
5.07 (3.95 - 6.32) 2001 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
5.1 (3.98 - 6.35) 2002 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
4.92 (3.81 - 6.14) 2004 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
5.07 (3.95 - 6.31) 2003 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
5.27 (4.08 - 6.59) 2006 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
5.03 (3.90 - 6.25) 2005 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
5.45 (4.23 - 6.80) 2007 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
5.49 (4.27 - 6.87) 2008 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
5.6 (4.36 - 7.07) 2009 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
5.65 (4.38 - 7.04) 2010 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
5.63 (4.37 - 7.01) 2011 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
5.74 (4.51 - 7.14) 2012 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
5.79 (4.48 - 7.18) 2013 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
5.96 (4.64 - 7.42) 2014 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
6.16 (4.76 - 7.75) 2015 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
6.3 (4.87 - 7.99) 2016 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
6.41 (4.82 - 8.30) 2017 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
6.41 (4.57 - 8.52) 2018 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
6.47 (4.52 - 8.75) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
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HCV-related deaths

National
Download
Value Year Type Source
120 2016 Modelled WHO
139 (97 - 188) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
139 (97 - 188) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2020)
138 (98 - 183) 2018 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
138 (104 - 178) 2017 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
135 (104 - 171) 2016 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
132 (102 - 166) 2015 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
127 (99 - 158) 2014 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
123 (95 - 153) 2013 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
122 (96 - 152) 2012 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
119 (93 - 149) 2011 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
120 (93 - 149) 2010 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
118 (92 - 149) 2009 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
116 (90 - 145) 2008 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
115 (89 - 143) 2007 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
110 (85 - 138) 2006 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
105 (81 - 131) 2005 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
102 (79 - 128) 2004 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
105 (82 - 131) 2003 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
105 (82 - 131) 2002 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
103 (80 - 128) 2001 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
101 (78 - 126) 2000 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
100 (78 - 125) 1999 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
99 (77 - 124) 1998 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
97 (75 - 122) 1997 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
94 (73 - 118) 1996 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
92 (71 - 116) 1995 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
89 (69 - 112) 1994 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
87 (67 - 108) 1993 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
83 (65 - 105) 1992 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
79 (61 - 100) 1991 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
78 (60 - 98) 1990 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
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Percent of liver cancer deaths attributable to HCV

National
Download
Value (%) Year Type Source
27 (19 - 36) 1991 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
27 (19 - 36) 1992 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
27 (18 - 36) 1990 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
27 (19 - 37) 1993 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
28 (19 - 38) 1994 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
29 (20 - 38) 1995 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
29 (20 - 39) 1996 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
29 (20 - 40) 1997 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
29 (20 - 39) 1998 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
29 (20 - 39) 1999 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
30 (20 - 40) 2000 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
29 (20 - 39) 2001 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
29 (20 - 39) 2003 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
29 (20 - 38) 2002 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
28 (19 - 37) 2004 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
28 (20 - 38) 2005 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
29 (20 - 39) 2006 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
30 (21 - 40) 2007 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
31 (22 - 42) 2008 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
32 (22 - 42) 2009 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
32 (22 - 43) 2010 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
32 (22 - 44) 2011 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
32 (22 - 43) 2012 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
32 (22 - 43) 2013 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
32 (22 - 43) 2014 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
32 (22 - 43) 2015 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
33 (22 - 43) 2016 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
33 (22 - 43) 2017 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
32 (22 - 43) 2018 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
32 (22 - 43) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)
28 (19 - 37) 2019 Modelled IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2020)
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Technical notes
HBV National Action Plan
HBV elimination goal
HepB birth dose policy
Yes
Year of birth dose introduction
2004
Eligible for HBV generic medicines
HCV National Action Plan
HCV elimination goal
Eligible for HCV generic medicines
At least one needle-syringe exchange program (NSP) operational
Yes
At least one opioid substitution therapy (OST) program operational
Yes
NSP in at least one prison
Yes
OST in at least one prison
Yes

Overview

HBV elimination goal
HCV elimination goal

Hepatitis related deaths (national)

Modelled

HBV
124
2019
(87 - 168)
IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2022)

Survey/surveillance

No data available
HBV chart

Modelled

HCV
139
2019
(97 - 188)
IHME, GBD 2019 (accessed 2020)

Survey/surveillance

No data available
HCV chart

Birth dose vaccination coverage (national)

Survey/surveillance

HBV
97 (%)
2021
WHO/UNICEF

No. of syringes/PWID/year

Survey/surveillance

No data available
Eligible for HBV generic medicines
Eligible for HCV generic medicines